• Joseph Harris

Different Types Of Air Conditioning Systems: Which One Is Right For Me?


Florida Home

Living in the southern part of the United States demands that you have an air conditioner to keep you cool and comfortable during the hot summer months. Air conditioners are one of the most common electrical appliances found in homes across the U.S., with almost 75 percent of homes having at least one cooling unit.


Recent statistics point to around 6 percent of total electricity costs being used for air conditioning. This may seem like a conservative amount of energy, but it amounts to a staggering $29 billion annually. With all this money being spent on energy, we must consider the type of air conditioning we implement and use in our homes.


Your AC unit

Your air conditioning unit is essential to any home, taking a significant chunk out of your "must-have" budget. Several different types of air conditioning systems exist, each with its own unique list of pros and cons. As we dig deep and go through the various options available to you, consider all of your options to see which ones serve your energy needs and budget most efficiently. Think about these aspects of air conditioning as you get started:

  • What is your budget for repair, replacement, and installation?

  • What does your energy consumption look like?

  • How large is your living space?

  • What kind of cooling power are you looking for?

Once these essential questions have been asked, it's time to select the perfect air conditioner for you and your home. Read on to see some of the exciting options that exist on the market today.


1. Central Air Conditioning

Large, multiple-room homes need an efficient air conditioning unit to do the job. Central air conditioning units use a split system that can regulate air through ductwork installed in your home. The system's split nature is comprised of indoor and outdoor units. Both units work together to pull air from outside and cool it, circulating it throughout your home. The use of a centrally located programmable thermostat can give you full control over how much cooling is done at any given time.


Advantages: A central AC unit can cool all rooms containing ductwork at once, keeping your home well-regulated in even the hottest environment. Since cool air is continuously present, humidity levels are reduced significantly, helping you to save on cooling costs associated with a constantly running unit.


Disadvantages: A central AC system uses a lot of energy, resulting in higher energy bills. These units can also lose efficiency if a problem arises with any part of the system, including the indoor unit, outdoor unit, or ductwork.


2. Ductless Air Conditioning

If your home is not ideal for ductwork, or if you desire more efficiency with lower operating costs. Opt for a ductless mini split system. This type of air conditioner combines outdoor units and one or more indoor units. Indoor and outdoor components are connected through tubing; refrigerant circulates through the system depending on your desired usage.


As these indoor units are small and compact, each usually gets its own individual unit installed for both heating and cooling purposes. These units, while efficient and relatively cost-effective at cooling, can get costly with the number that you choose to install throughout your home.


Ductless mini units can be coupled with smart AC controllers that allow you to operate them from your phone, anytime and anywhere.


Advantages: Ductless mini unit air conditioning can be installed anywhere without needing expensive, messy ductwork. They can also control the temperature of each room individually, giving you more control over areas of your home.


Disadvantages: While efficient, a mini unit is insufficient to cover large areas. They have to be installed on your walls, so it is difficult to cover them up if you find them unsightly.


3. Window Air Conditioners

If you're looking to cool a room or small area and don't want the added expense of tubing or ductwork, a window air conditioner is ideal. This most common type of AC is a single unit with all its components enclosed. Hot air is ejected outside the window as fans circulate cool air into the room on the indoor side. It can be installed in a window or by making an opening in an external wall. Many of these units have remote controls that give you a host of cooling options at the touch of a button.


Advantages: Window air conditioners are less costly and relatively simple to install. They don't use unnecessary floor space, and are easy to maintain and replace if necessary.


Disadvantages: These window units can be quite noisy during operation and are visible from outside the home. You have fewer options on where to place them, and they may not be suitable for all types of windows and homes.


4. Geothermal systems

Geothermal cooling and heating is a relatively new method of air regulation, and it works by utilizing the insulating properties of the Earth. Temperatures under 4-6 feet of land remain consistent all year regardless of weather, so harnessing this natural power source is perfect as it heats and cools your home efficiently. The system has piping that consists of a loop that circulates water between a heat pump, your home, and the ground. They require a bit of work to set up underground, but once finished, you enjoy the benefits of consistent heating and cooling from the Earth.


Advantages: A geothermal system is very efficient in terms of energy usage and has a longer lifespan than other heating and cooling systems.


Disadvantages: The installation of a geothermal system depends on your location, as loops are installed in the ground around your home. Setup cost is high, and it may be out of reach of some customers who don't qualify for financing.


Just scratching the surface

If this list overwhelms you, know that you are not alone. Tropic-Air Conditioning has top-rated, certified air conditioning service experts who can handle all aspects of your air conditioning needs. From sales and service to installation, repair, and maintenance, we can answer all questions and get down to the business of keeping your family cool and comfortable all year round. Contact us today, and look forward to cooler days ahead. Visit www.tropicairfl.com for more information.